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What is a Franchise Disclosure Document?

The Franchise Disclosure Document, or FDD, is a lengthy document that contains important information about a franchise. It is required by law to be provided to prospective franchisees before they sign a franchise agreement or make any financial commitment to the franchisor.

The FDD must disclose certain information about the franchisor and the franchise system, including information about the franchisor's business background, litigation history, and financial performance. The FDD also contains the franchise agreement and other legal documents that prospective franchisees must sign.

It is important for prospective franchisees to carefully review the FDD before making any decision about whether to purchase a franchise.

 

Here are some things to look for when reviewing the FDD:

1. The franchisor's business background. The FDD must include information about the franchisor's business experience, including any prior experience operating a franchise system. This information can help you assess whether the franchisor is likely to be successful in running the franchise system.

2. The franchisor's litigation history. The FDD must disclose any litigation that the franchisor has been involved in, including any lawsuits that have been filed against the franchisor by current or former franchisees. This information can help you assess the franchisor's risk of being sued by its franchisees.

3. The franchisor's financial performance. The FDD must include information about the franchisor's financial performance, including its most recent audited financial statements. This information can help you assess the franchisor's ability to continue operating the franchise system and meeting its obligations to its franchisees.

4. The franchise agreement. The FDD must include a copy of the franchise agreement, which is the contract between the franchisor and franchisee. It is important to carefully review the franchise agreement before signing it, as it sets forth the rights and obligations of both parties.

5. Other legal documents. The FDD must also include other legal documents that prospective franchisees must sign, such as lease agreements and financing agreements. These documents should be reviewed carefully before signing them, as they can have a significant impact on the financial success of the franchise.

The Franchise Disclosure Document is an important tool that prospective franchisees can use to assess a franchisor and the franchise system. It is important to carefully review the FDD before making any decision about whether to purchase a franchise.

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What Is The Item 19 And Why Do I Need To Know About It?

When a franchisor makes financial performance representations (FPRs) to potential franchisees in the sale of a franchise, it is required to disclose them under Item 19 of the Franchise Disclosure Document (FDD). Franchisors are not required to provide FPRs to prospective franchisees. However, if they do choose to provide them, they must disclose certain information about the FPRs in Item 19 of the FDD.

The purpose of Item 19 is to give potential franchisees a clear understanding of the franchisor's past financial performance. This information can help franchisees make an informed decision about whether to purchase a franchise.

Some Item 19s show system averages while others show detailed store by store revenue for the previous year. The Franchise Insiders can help you understand this information and how to use it in your due diligence.

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Franchise Disclosure Document: The 23 Required Items

1. The franchisor's business background: Include information about the franchisor's business experience, including any prior experience operating a franchise system

2. The franchisor's litigation history: Disclose any litigation that the franchisor has been involved in, including any lawsuits that have been filed against the franchisor by current or former franchisees

3. The franchisor's financial performance: Include information about the franchisor's financial performance, including its most recent audited financial statements

4. The franchise agreement: Include a copy of the franchise agreement, which is the contract between the franchisor and franchisee

5. Other legal documents: Include other legal documents that prospective franchisees must sign, such as lease agreements and financing agreements

6. The franchisor's offer: Describe the franchisor's offer, including the fees that must be paid to the franchisor and any other financial commitments that must be made by the franchisee

7. The franchisor's restrictions on the franchisee: Describe any restrictions that the franchisor places on the franchisee, such as territory restrictions or limits on the products and services that can be offered

8. The franchisor's requirements for the franchisee: Describe the franchisor's requirements for the franchisee, such as minimum sales levels or required training programs

9. The franchisor's marketing methods: Describe the franchisor's marketing methods, including any mandated advertising programs

10. The franchisor's products and services: Describe the franchisor's products and services, including any proprietary products that must be purchased from the franchisor

11. The franchisor's trademark: Include information about the franchisor's trademark, including whether the franchisee will be required to use the franchisor's trademark

12. The franchisor's patents and copyrights: Include information about any patents or copyrights held by the franchisor, including any that the franchisee will be required to use

13. The franchisor's trade secrets: Describe the franchisor's trade secrets, including any that the franchisee will be required to keep confidential

14. The franchisor's business model: Describe the franchisor's business model, including how the franchise system is structured and how royalties are paid

15. The franchisor's initial investment: Include information about the franchisor's initial investment, including the costs of leasing or purchasing a franchise location and any other required startup costs

16. The franchisor's ongoing fees: Include information about the franchisor's ongoing fees, such as royalty fees and marketing fees

17. The franchisor's estimated initial and ongoing costs: Include estimates of the franchisor's initial and ongoing costs, such as the costs of leasing or purchasing a franchise location and any other required startup costs

18. The franchisor's restrictions on sources of products and services: Describe any restrictions that the franchisor places on the sources of products and services that the franchisee can use

19. The franchisor's franchisee financing program: Describe the franchisor's franchisee financing program, if any

20. The franchisor's relationships with suppliers: Describe the franchisor's relationships with suppliers, including any exclusive supply arrangements

21. The franchisor's pre-existing relationships with customers: Describe the franchisor's pre-existing relationships with customers, including any exclusive customer agreements

22. The franchisor's site selection criteria: Include the franchisor's site selection criteria, if any

23. The franchisor's development schedule: Include the franchisor's development schedule, if any

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What is the purpose of a franchise disclosure document?

A franchise disclosure document (FDD) is a legal document that discloses information about a franchisor and the franchise system. The FDD must be provided to prospective franchisees before they are allowed to sign a franchise agreement or make any financial commitment.

The FDD contains important information about the franchisor, the franchise system, and the franchise opportunity. Prospective franchisees should carefully review the FDD before deciding whether to purchase a franchise.

Understanding a Franchise Disclosure Document (FDD)

The FDD is divided into several sections, and each section must contain specific information about the franchisor and the franchise system. The purpose of the FDD is to give prospective franchisees enough information to make an informed decision about whether to purchase a franchise.

How do I get a Franchise Disclosure Document?

In order to get a Franchise Disclosure Document (FDD) for the franchise you are interested in, contact The Franchise Insiders.

 

We work with over 500 of today's top franchise opportunities and have access to most FDDs. We'd be happy to chat with you and make our best effort to supply you with the FDD you are looking for or even recommend to you a similar franchise with a stronger FDD.

Request a Free FDD Today!

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